Synthetic Marijuana: Definition 

Many are used to this term and use it often to define a category of drugs whose actual names are artificial cannabinoids or cannabinoid receptor, agonists. The marijuana itself refers to the bud section of a cannabis plant usually dried and flavoured and draws its primary psychoactive effect via THC, on their impact in brain’s cannabinoid receptors.

For simplicity enhancement, lots of influential state departments like media, police and public offices regularly use the term “synthetic marijuana” to refer to all those products containing synthetic cannabinoids and uses “K2” or “Spice” as their brand names. 

Synthetic Marijuana: Definition

The debate on whether or not this drug is legal has been a yet to be fully solved puzzle since specialists haven’t again concluded. As such some countries have legalised it while others not. However, the facts are that over the recent past, stories of various ill-health problems from resulting into death from its utilisation have hit news headlines continuously. 

One thing that always raises concern and worry is that no one knows precisely specific chemical mixtures involved in its synthesis. There’s usually no consistency in the formulation used in its development. Thus, understanding the precise toxic substances present in it is impossible. As such persons utilising, it has high likelihood to experience different impacts. One can become ‘high’ on it while the immediate person using it may get into a severe coma.

Seeking earlier health care on obsessive dependence stands as an ultimate solution towards better recovery from this condition.

Uses of Synthetic Cannabinoids

The different methods users employ when consuming this substance depends on various factors. First in the version that exists and second the most comfortable way one feels great about. 

Most frequent method users prefer it is smoking. Once the plant material is dried, they can be rolled in cigarette form then smoked from one end. 

Another technique they utilise is mixing of marijuana with sprayed plant sections and either brew it in the form of tea.

Others would also, buy liquid man-made cannabinoid products as well as conduct e-cigarette vaporisation.

Statistics on Spice Abuse

Owing to its terrorising ill-health resulting in users. A lot of studies have been conducted concerning facts around its utilisation to assist in the way forward. 

One of the bodies concerned in the research is the ONDCP, which noted spice is second among regularly abused or illegally utilised drugs after marijuana.

As per a report by the ONDCP, in 2018, the number of male high school students that would likely abuse the substance was twice as that of their female counterparts.

Statistics on Spice Abuse

The initiative by the federal government to bun its utilisation never yielded any positive result as more cases relating to its usage kept on popping and more so among young people. 

For instance, in 2014 between January and June alone, all the poison centres within the entire United States recounted addressing approximately 800 cases relating exposure to this material.

In the same year, March, over 100 cases on manmade marijuana overindulge were received to in two weeks. This was in Louisiana. Later in the same year in May, about 120 people in the entire Texas state people overdosed within five days.

Further statistical research is still underway to assist in advancing prevention/ recovery techniques regarding its use. 

Impact on Brain

Similar to Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, an active ingredient contained in marijuana, Synthetic cannabinoids affect the brain cells. 

Of late, there has been no thorough research on the impact caused by Spice to the brain. However, the available reports on studies earlier conducted indicate that the effect of it is much stronger compared to that produced by marijuana alone and the result of this strangeness can be fatal to the general health state of an individual. 

Impact Spice on Brain

Given that the chemical composition of this substance is never precise, differs from one bunch to the next, different users are likely to experience in different brain impacts. Though in typical occasions similarities occurs. 

Among these similar impacts comprise the following;

  • Heightened mood
  • Feeling relaxed
  • One becomes fully alert of the prevailing environmental happenings
  • Symptoms associated with psychosis—Hallucinations or having delusions more often.

Psychotic impacts include:

  • Too much apprehension
  • Confusion
  • Being paranoid —unreasonable and extreme mistrust of others
  • hallucinations—Sensing or seeing images that are not real

Synthetic Cannabinoid – Addictiveness

According to different researches, this substance is said to be highly addictive. These facts have been approved from episodes of regular users trying to quit its utilisation. The following symptoms occur in their attempt to withdraw. 

  • Headaches
  • Apprehension
  • Despair
  • Irritability

So far no particular/ distinct behavioural training and medications have been tested for curing the obsessive dependence towards these products. Doctors handling this category of patients need to offer screening services to check on mental ill-health possibilities. 

Causes and Risk Factors of Abuse

Until presently, no particular causes or even risk factors have been yet established to directly associate with this substance – owing to its complicated nature.

The following, however, indicate the highest level of closeness.

Genetic: According to some hereditary masters, addiction runs in the blood of given families, and therefore it is quickly passed down to the next generation. Thus, one can get entirely obsessed with the substance directly because it runs in their bloodline.

Physical: Research on this factor mainly focuses on finding out the impact caused by K2 products on the brain cells. Scientist so far believes that a strong bond is created between the two which therefore yields great compulsion towards constant utilisation of the product.

Environmental: It is more of typical to find persons coming from families full of substance addicts to fall in the addiction line. With all the chaos that may be in their home environment, it is of the high likelihood that such persons may resort to substance abuse thinking it will reduce their stress. 

Risk Factors:

  • Exposure to chaotic environments
  • No input/ involvement by the parents
  • Family background on substance abuse and dependence
  • Being of tender age
  • Being male
  • A history of the family regarding mental illness
  • Individuals memoir on mental sickness
  • Involvements in violence or crime
  • Disclosure to drug utilisation

Ill-health Indicators of Abuse

Note that due to the differing chemical composition of the substance, some of the following indicators might not be consistent for all users.

  • Hyperactivity occurring I sudden stints
  • Feeling unusually sleepy
  • Hallucinations
  • Physical aggression
  • Chest pains
  • Mood swings – angry outbursts
  • Palpitations of Heart
  • Muscle spasms
  • Reduced or elevated blood pressure
  • Confusion
  • Headaches
  • Panic attacks
  • Lethargy
  • Nausea
  • Depersonalization
  • Seizures
  • Paranoia
  • Extreme depressing occurrences
  • Disorientation
  • Psychosis
  • Delusion
  • Altered perceptions
  • Extreme apprehension

Withdrawal and Overdose

Sudden stage in use of this substance yields certain ill-health conditions indicated by the following physically/ psychologically experiences. 

  • Hot flashes / cold flashes
  • Addition flu-like symptoms
  • Excessive anxiety
  • Excessive lethargy
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Feelings of hunger, but experiencing an inability to keep food down
  • Violent temper tantrums
  • Isolation
  • Cravings

Typically, they would last to an extended period of 3 days. 

When consumed in excess, equally there crops other ill-health complications among them includes those listed below.

  • Decreolization
  • Hallucinations
  • Coma
  • Delusions
  • Seizures 
  • Disorientation
  • Stroke
  • Depersonalization
  • Heart attack
  • Death


Usage of this illegal substance creates no significant health impacts on human life. Instead, it deteriorates to the least levels. News and reports on cases resulting because of unethical actions conducted by persons under the influence of this material have ever flooded the media year in year out. 

Relations have been broken, opportunities lost and general fitness state of people using it have deteriorated to incredible levels. Worse enough others have lost their lives all to spice. Its however ironical that despite users being knowledgeable about its impacts, yet, they go for it why? Dependence.

Due to its obsessive properties, thwarting its utilisation may not be so easy. First, one will have to face its adverse withdrawal impacts which in most cases need one’s complete will otherwise relapse at this stage comes so quick.

For those nursing the wounds of their dependence or are still caught up in the mix, the best assistance you can seek is of a health specialist and in this case from a rehab centre. They specialise in both medical healing and therapeutic training which highly effective towards a quick recovery.

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