Body pains result from many occurrences, such as surgery, injuries or even different types of illnesses. The best remedies for these situations have always been painkillers. But how reliable and useful are the best painkillers? One of the best options used is OxyContin, a particular drug sourced from the opium plant, thus representing the opioid family of drugs.
It was first utilized in the year 1995 to help relieve pains of mild to severe levels. Since then, it has been a darling in the medical field; that is, until some of its users started abusing it. Because of this, the drug had to be categorized as a Schedule II drug, whereby its usage was only permissible under a certified health expert.
It was discovered that its addictive properties and the causative feeling after its consumption made users become entirely obsessed. Apart from the relief of pain, the drug induces an exaggerated euphotic sensation which sticks to the brain and makes it want more of the feeling.
Controlling this not been an easy task, as many of the substances are sold in “darkness”. You will find night club patrons, street people and other reserved individuals using them and conducting confidential transactions.
It’s been so unfortunate that most new members who sign up for its utilization are mainly young people – college students who are out trying new things and having fun. Thus, different programs, both governmental and non-governmental, have been launched to fight this calamity which is currently advancing to “fresh” areas.
Knowing the appearance of this drug can be helpful, especially in discovering an addict close to you. You can know if your brother, sister or any of your close relatives is using it mainly if you visit their rooms.
Typically, the drug exists as round pills usually small in size and bears different colors and marking depending on dosages.
These marking includes indications like;
OP, 10, 15, 20, 25 … in the same order to maximums of 160 grams.
In some cases, you will find them in capsule or liquid forms.
Modes and methods of utilization vary depending on the formation type of this drug. When in pill or tablet form, swallowing is the best method to ingest it.
Usually, the drug is consumed after every twelve hours; otherwise consumption depends on your prescribed dosage and either full or empty stomach. Those who are susceptible to nausea can swallow it alongside food to avoid feeling sick.
Do not to break it or crush it before swallowing. Also, avoid soaking or any other means of injection that are not specifically instructed by a health specialist. Overdosing can cause more ill-health impacts on your life. Avoid taking excess pills because you missed a dosage. It’s best to seek health council throughout the process of its utilization.
Those abusing these drugs either swallow it, sniff or inject it into their body. They ignore its user instructions and overdose themselves to experience constant euphoria.
OxyContin vs. Oxycodone
Essentially, these two are the same thing. The most active ingredient in OxyContin is Oxycodone. It is essential for its effectiveness in curbing pains of varied natures.
The drug contains addictive properties which affect a better number of its users and comes along with several withdrawal ill-health impacts.
The standard dosages for adult’s patients are structured as follows:
- Administration of between 5 to 15 milligrams of the drug for 4 hours, maybe extended to six.
- Measured release form: 10 mg given every 12 hours
- Immediate release form: 10 mg to 30 mg after every 4 hours.
- Controlled release form: 20 mg to 640 mg every day in patients with cancer pain. Total dosage for a day amounts to 105 mg.
Note that chewing, breaking, dissolving, dividing or crushing is not recommended for this drug. It needs to be swallowed whole.
A doctor will offer appropriate instruction on consumption techniques for a concentrated form of the medication.
Otherwise, in the case of any unfortunate occurrence, you can always reach your doctors through their helplines.
OxyContin Side Effects
A lot of ill-health conditions fall in line with the utilization of this therapeutic substance, some of which are life threatening.
Below is a list of the most usual ones:
- Lack of interest in food
- Dry mouth
- Excessive sweating
- Pains in the stomach
- Body fatigue
- Alteration of moods
Severe ones may include:
- Chest pains
- Rushes in the skin
- Irregular breathing patterns
Upon consumption, this medication takes about 15 minutes to start manifesting its pain relief power, and the peak of its effectiveness occurs at the third or fourth hour.
Associated impacts within this short period comprise of ill-health occurrences such as:
- Dry mouth
These would most likely last a week or months until your body is clear of it.
They comprise of:
- Severe chest pains
- Breathing complications
- Muscle aches
- Septicemia – due to constant injections
In case you suspect yourself to have consumed an excessive amount of the medicine, the best solution would be seeking immediate medical assistance.
Typical ill-health indicators for it comprise of:
- Altered breathing from slow to high and vice versa
- Ceasing breathing
- Dilated pupils
Coming out of obsessive dependence on any of the narcotics and other addictive drugs is never as easy as many imagine. Mostly because you will be faced with the following ill-health experiences which might influence your relapse if you remain unfocused.
- Muscle pains
- Enhanced tearing
- A runny nose
Others which might manifest later comprise of
- Cramping in the abdomen
- Pupil dilation
Why is OxyContin So Addictive?
The medication known as OxyContin was first introduced in 1995 as a remedy for moderate to severe pain. Like morphine and other powerful painkillers, OxyContin is highly addictive.
It has been classified as a Schedule II controlled drug that can only be obtained with a prescription. Since its introduction, OxyContin has become the most frequently prescribed pain medication in North America. At the same time, illegally obtained OxyContin has become a major problem for drug enforcement officials.
OxyContin and Addiction
OxyContin is a time-release oral version of oxycodone, an opium derivative. Oxycodone is the active ingredient in other pain relievers like Percodan and Percocet. The time-release characteristic of OxyContin allows it to effectively manage pain over a period of several hours. Abusers of OxyContin have found that chewing OxyContin tablets or injecting or snorting crushed tablets produces an intense high that has been compared to heroin. Circumventing the time-release mechanism by breaking up OxyContin tablets greatly increases the risk of addiction and overdose.
Like other opiate narcotics, OxyContin can be fatal when combined with alcohol or other brain depressant drugs or when taken in high doses. A recent study in Boston found that OxyContin is a gateway drug for heroin, which addicts may start using as a cheaper alternative to OxyContin.
Who is at risk for OxyContin addiction?
Many people who become addicted to OxyContin are introduced to it when it’s prescribed by a doctor for relief from severe or chronic pain. Anyone who takes OxyContin can become dependent, but those who are prone to addictive behavior are at even greater risk. Law enforcement officials and emergency room personnel report that OxyContin abuse is higher among teenagers and young adults. Because of the high incidence of OxyContin addiction in rural areas, especially in the Appalachia area of the U.S., OxyContin is sometimes referred to as “hillbilly heroin.”Because of the high demand for illegal OxyContin, some patients with legal prescriptions sell OxyContin tablets to drug dealers for a profit.
What are the symptoms for OxyContin addiction?
The most obvious sign of OxyContin addiction is a preoccupation with obtaining the drug and a desire to increase dosage frequency. A person who has been legally prescribed the drug but has become addicted will continue to want it in greater doses even though pain management has been achieved.
In addition to anxiety, the physical symptoms of OxyContin addiction may include:
• Nausea and vomiting
OxyContin depresses respiration, causing a slowing in breathing. Those with respiratory problems who abuse OxyContin are at risk of respiratory failure.
What are the treatment options for OxyContin addiction?
Caution should be exercised when stopping use of OxyContin. Since OxyContin is an opiate, abruptly reducing consumption can bring on the following withdrawal symptoms:
• Anxiety and restlessness
• Aching muscles
• Abdominal cramps and diarrhea
• Flu-like symptoms, including nausea and chills
• Elevated blood pressure and heart rate
• Seizures and convulsions
The safest way to recover both physically and psychologically from OxyContin addiction is under the supervision of a doctor. Recent advances in medicine have made the detox process and follow-up less painful and more effective. The road to recovery from OxyContin addiction begins with a call for help.
When utilized correctly and lawfully, OxyContin can be a highly beneficial and effective medication towards pain alleviation. Being a stimulant, its addictive effect has become known among many misusers and abusers who consume it to add to their body additional euphotic sensations.
One significant fact about this drug that even most abusers know is that it always influences lots of after-use impacts, some of which are very lethal. These people will experience high levels of depression, respiratory issues, digestive problems, body fatigue and many other indicators, like nausea as well as vomiting, which makes life very uncomfortable for them.
It is, therefore, out of such effects that most relationships, families, jobs, and opportunities have gone wrong as addicts of this nature can never be responsible enough to care for such concerns.
The best solution so far for this situation is rehab centers. They offer quality services dealing in mental health care and persons affected by dependence can acquire greater assistance from them.