Medication-Assisted Treatment Programs (MAT): Definition
All over the world, issues of material dependence have been on the rise and their numbers continue to grow after each preceding day. Today, high patient numbers are being registered in both rehabilitation as well as hospital facilities, their primary concern being obsessive dependence towards substances.
Lots of horrible and terrifying experiences caused by addicted persons have occurred in families, workplaces and even social centers. Newsrooms across the entire world cover news concerning crimes committed by persons who are under the influence of different substances; these include rape cases, theft, assault and negligence to families and work responsibilities.
Here is where MAT comes in. It’s a fully established curative program meant to assist in easing ill-health phenomenon resulting from recovery from addiction. It decreases strong desires for a substance, while also preventing the brain’s capacity to perceive any effect which ought to crop up upon its ingestion. Often, this medical procedure is offered to persons addicted to alcohol, tobacco or opioids.
The entire process incorporates both medical dealings/techniques as well as psychological training meant to correct the behavioural DNA of an individual. So far, research indicates that MAT offers high odds towards longstanding recovery.
MAT works regardless of gender or age. Its technique is not complicated. The three main functions of it include:
- Assisting those in the initial phase of recuperation who are taking detox or suffering withdrawal illness phenomenon.
It’s usual for persons undergoing the recovery process to experience certain ill-health conditions, ranging from emotional symptoms (such as despair, irritation, nervousness or mood fluctuations) to physical one (like nausea, pains, and chills, among many others like vomiting).
Several studies, including one conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in 2014, indicates that medical procedures involving detoxification contribute to about 80% of all addiction caused disorders. They mostly help in reduction of desired levels.
- Avoiding decline
Most of the addictive substances tend to introduce a significant amount of pleasure in the brain, which will always cause taking the substance to seem desirable. The MAT procedure helps cancel such longings by introducing anti-desire feeling towards these substances.
- Correction of opioid overdose conditions
The risk associated with the overconsumption of narcotic drugs remains high and is usually fatal; more often that not, overdosing results in death. According to a 2016 report from America’s Center for Disease Control (CDC), over 28,600 cases of drug overdose were reported.
The best MAT option for opioid overuse is Naloxone, usually referred by its brand names, Evzio, Narcan Injection or Narcan Nasal Spray. It causes blockage towards the drugs associated impacts, which usually inhibits proper breathing. Naloxone eases the strain opioid overdose puts on the respiration process.
It effects can last anywhere from thirty to ninety minutes. It is mostly utilised by an emergency medical specialist and paramedics, who use a specific formula for administering it; however, it can be used by anyone wanting to fight overdose symptoms.
Despite being such an efficient method, it fails to eliminate the opiate from the system; this may still allow overdose. Therefore it usage under a specialist’s instruction is highly recommended, as they are professionally trained to look after people who find themselves in such situations.
Types of Medication Used in Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT)
Existing MAT curative options include:
- Buprenorphine: This is an antagonistic drug best for curbing additive situations relating to opioid use. It can either be obtained from a health expert’s office or pharmacy. Its efficacy in relieving pain is probably it’s most noticeable feature, since it only takes an hour to relieve signs of pain and it’s after-use symptoms can last for a full day.
- Probuphine: This also assists in one’s rehabilitation from opioid addiction by removing all the feelings of longing towards asubstance.
- Methadone: It works best for those addicted to heroin or painkillers since it alleviates all the indicators of withdrawing or cravings.
- Naloxone: It helps to block the effects of opioid at the sensors, thus eliminating the possibility of one getting obsessively dependent on it.
- Naltrexone: Best option for full dependency on alcohol and opioids.
It is one of the most recommended medications that work towards the curing procedure of opioid dependence, long-lasting pain or acute pain. It mostly sells under the brand name Subutex and offers special multi-treatment services which come when mixed alongside other medications; for instance, it can be combined with naloxone to form buprenorphine-naloxone, which is used for psychological illnesses.
This is one of the curative methods towards eliminating strong/severe dependence on narcotic painkillers or heroin. Its effect is manifested in the alteration of the brain’s nervous system, causing it to perceive pain differently. Unlike common painkillers, it prevents the feeling of being high upon consumption of stimulant drugs.
Medication-Assisted Treatment Programs for Drug Addiction
Obsessive dependence towards both medical and street drugs can cause great harm to one’s social life as well as health. Many unmanaged conditions lead to unnecessary conflicts, nervousness and despair, among many others like loss of responsibilities.
MAT offers a better and trustworthy option towards fighting all sorts of drug caused disorders. The medication bit of it consists of detox substances which assist in eliminating all other recovery ill-health indicators.
MAT for Opioid Addiction
A significant purpose of MAT is to effectively correct addictive conditions resulting from opioid materials. These would include both prescription as well as street drugs.
The main drugs involved in this process comprise of Methadone, Buprenorphine, Naloxone, Suboxone, or Naltrexone. Effectiveness with Gary depending on the patient and their body’s response to the medicines; however, generally speaking any of these would be of great benefit/assistance.
MAT for Alcohol Addiction
The addictive nature of alcoholic content frequently yields into some significant ill-health indicators when one is withdrawing. MAT ensures all these are well managed through a holistic procedure involving both medical as well as therapeutic procedures. It also helps reduce unnecessary cravings and temptations to have more.
Reliable and effective curative/healing procedures that absolve dependence can sometimes prove hard to find. There are many reasons for this. Firstly, different people may experience different effects or suffer differing co-occurring illnesses. Secondly, it depends on human physiology. Our bodies respond differently to everyday situations. Thus, you will find some will quickly fall into addiction for a drug after just a few days of use, while others might take longer.
MAT, therefore, has come about as a more robust solution towards managing all issues associated with withdrawals. It works effectively in reducing the severe impacts of such processes while limiting the temptation, cravings and also after-use impacts of addiction.
Medically speaking, the procedure offers you mostly detox drugs that have fewer after-use impacts to begin your recovery journey. Alongside it, there are therapeutic undertakings including counselling to help the addicts correct their behavioural characteristics.
Health experts advise great caution when it comes to utilising it. Remember clinical evaluation will be key to help you get better prescriptions for desirable results.