What is a Diuretic
Diuretics are a class of drugs that increases the rate of urination by eliminating excess water from the body fluid also used in the medical field for kidney problems and heart failure
Diuretics are a class of drugs that increases the rate of urination by eliminating excess water from body fluid. Different types of diuretics function in a different way to achieve the same function.
Diuretics are given to patients with heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension and some kidney diseases. Diuretics like acetazolamide make urine more alkaline and are helpful in the proper excretion of substances like aspirin in case of aspirin poisoning.
Abuse of Diuretics
Diuretics, also called “water pills” are popularly used by people with overweight and eating disorders. They use this drug with a misconception that it may reduce body weight by increasing the consumption of body fat. But in actual they decrease the body weight by reducing the water content in our body.
As a result it causes an imbalance in body fluid and electrolyte which may prove to be fatal. Some common diuretics abused by patients with sleeping disorders include: Thiazide diuretics, loop diuretics and potassium-sparing diuretics.
Symptoms and risks of diuretics abuse
On taking unwanted dose of diuretics regularly following symptoms may occur:
-Body fluid and electrolyte level our body becomes imbalanced resulting severe dehydration.
– Potassium level in our body drops than the normal value causing heart problems like heart palpitation and cardiac arrhythmias
– Frequent headache
-Nausea and dizziness
On taking excessive dose may cause severe dehydration and kidney damage which result death.
Diagnose and Treatment
As diuretics abuse symptoms can appear due to several reasons, during diagnosis it is important to determine whether the patient is having any other health conditions which can effect treatment, like the existence of any mental illness or any other eating disorder like anorexia. It is also important to see whether the patient is addicted to any narcotics drugs or alcohol, which is commonly abused by people with eating disorder.
After the conformation of the diagnosis, the patient is required to treat in a special rehab center well versed to handle sensitive cases like diuretic abuse. The patient is provided with a dual diagnosis facility in which they are treated for diuretic addiction, eating disorder and any psychological conditions if present.