What is Depression?

What is Depression?

Perhaps this might not be the initial, or ultimately latest time you will hear of depression.  As per the various health statistics about mental health, depression stands as one of the usual psychological complaints among a significant part of the world’s population. Have you ever felt like you bear all the trouble of everyone in the world? Yes, this defines depression entirely. 

The illness arises in various types and makes people lose interest in ongoing activities around them. They always feel bored, tired, sad and sometimes down despite exciting things happening around them. Depression does not differentiate between sex nor age. It can affect anyone at any time. 

Many people though, tend to assume its symptoms, which in most cases seem just normal. Who does not get sad anyway? But when there is a prolongment in the sadness and loss of curiosity for the things happening around you, then it becomes an issue. 


The leading causes behind this illness are not yet apparent. Several theories and myths have come about trying to explain its occurrence, but none describes the connection entirely. Some of the factors suspected to have a strong relation to its causative include genes, biology, environment, and psychosocial features. 

Depression: Types

This is one cerebral condition that doesn’t exist as merely an ailment. Plenty of diagnostic reports on it reveal several other groupings which also exist. The difference exists due to their manifestation procedures, the period they last, as well as the circumstances from which they occur. 

Depression: Types

The various forms comprise of:

  • Persistent Depressive Disorder: Also named dysthymia. Negatively interferes with moods of the patient causing feelings of hopelessness, sadness, weakness in themselves, insomnia, and concentration issues, among many others like loss of appetite. 
  • Postpartum Depression: PD is a low mood influencing condition mainly occurring in new mothers. It manifests about four weeks after birth. It causes a lack of good feelings which may cause lack of appetite, glitches in bonding with the baby, and sleeplessness.
  • Psychotic Sadness: It mainly happens to those with anguishing psychotic ailments: the sickness influences severe trauma, and loss of happy moods since patients will only be focusing on their illusions and delusions. 
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder: SAD occurs depending on the current climatic seasons. Its consequences involve sleepiness, gaining weight, and a drop in socialization. It is treatable through psychotherapy and medication.
  • Bipolar Disorder: Causes high variations in the patient’s reactions.

A fresh list entailing newly added despair syndromes documented in the diagnostic organization of DSM-5 now also includes disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, which mainly arises in toddlers and adolescents.

Persistent Depressive Disorder


PDD, sometimes called dysthymia, typically shows severe signs of its existence during its earlier development stages. Its ill-health indicators last for about 2 years. It is after the two years that one can undergo diagnosis based on the prevailing subjective indicators.

These ill-health indicators may include low appetite, loneliness, loss of energy, the absence of proper attentiveness, sadness, and trouble finding sleep.

It’s treatment procedures involve two options, drugs and psychotherapy. Doctors will offer you relevant instruction and directions once the diagnosis ends. 

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

BD causes recurrent and drastic alterations in one’s attitude; from high emotions, commonly known by the term mania, to low, agonizing emotions. 

Based on the characteristics of bipolar disorder, it is not exactly a depressive disorder. Though, it succeeds to be in this listing as persons suffering from it tend to undergo incidents of tremendously low moods and measurable heights of significant misery. 

The further difference occurs in the sense that persons ailing from this illness mostly demonstrate indicators of extreme irritable or euphoric moods known by the term “mania”, or “hypomania” if it happens less severely.

Bipolar Disorder arises in different forms. Below are the various categories:

  • Bipolar I Disorder: This type arises with high stages of moods and persists for at least seven days. The ill-health indicators during this period are usually very intense, thus medical attention from a health expert is recommended.

Incidents of depression may also occur and will only last for about two weeks. The entire situation creates lots of mixed emotions and moods.

  • Bipolar II Disorder: Includes state of worriedness and anxiety
  • Cyclothymic Disorder: CD, also referred to as cyclothymia, involves a situation where both hypomanic and anxiety symptoms arise and extends to periods not exceeding two years. In both children and adolescents, it usually lasts 12 months.

Symptoms entailed in this sickness may not reach diagnostic requirements for the hypomanic episodes as well as miserable episodes.

Subjective illness pointers for BD differ depending on gender and age. However, common ones comprise all problems brought about by high fluctuations in mood, causing sadness and happiness.

Major/Clinical Depression

This depressive condition defines a mental illness state which completely impairs good moods in an individual, causing them to lose aspiration in things they previously loved. 


The primary influence behind the occurrence of this condition relates to a not yet defined factor. Medical research, however, lists some possible and relevant elements that show a close relationship with their leading causes. They include physiological, social and psychological factors. These factors affect the brain’s operative link with the neural nerves.

Frequently occurring symptoms relating to this illness comprise of both physical as well as behavioral signs. Among them are alterations in sleep patterns, loss of appetite, low energy levels, lack of concentration, and low self-esteem. Sometimes suicidal feelings may crop up.

Both medical and therapeutic treatments work effectively towards treating this illness.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

SAD forms a unique kind of depression disorder following its occurrence. The impairment occurs around the climatic seasons. Its onset starts at the commencement of winter when daylight is quite rare and almost not available. 

Depression Types

As the season approaches spring, the general depressive condition gains deeper roots which extend further as the months roll to welcome the summer season, where it reaches its highest level of influence. 

Those ailing from this condition will often experience complications relating to increased sleep, social withdrawal, and weight gain. These experiences are usually predictable in the next coming cycle of seasons.

Additional indicators comprise of:

  • Most affected people tend to feel depressed most of the time during their daily lives
  • They also feel bored about some activities which used to be their source of happiness
  • They generally feel weak and exhausted
  • They experience difficulty finding sleep
  • Most of them lack interest in food, and the result is weight loss
  • They may feel lazy or nervous
  • Their concentration drastically lowers
  • Most of them feel a sense of hopelessness, guilt and even unimportance
  • Affected persons develop suicidal thoughts

This illness has no specific cause yet. However, the below-listed factors have been regarded as highly possible causatives:

  • One’s biological clock or circadian rhythm
  • Low serotonin levels
  • Melatonin levels
  • Family history
  • Living relatively far from the Equator

Both medical and therapeutic treatment options are usually available for this health condition.

Psychotic Depression

A common experience with persons suffering psychotic complaints is generally depression. Exclusive in its kind, the condition may transform into a severe mental illness situation if not looked into quickly.

The occurrence of this depression type depends on various circumstances adjacent to the personal life of an individual.  It affects persons suffering from psychotic conditions, such as those who suffer from hallucinations and always see fantastic images, or the delusional who still get disturbed about certain fixed opinions.  

Symptoms relating to this condition always come with a particular theme. These include the delusion of guiltiness, poverty, or ailment. The signs include: 

  • The affected individuals will still feel depressed
  • Most of them will lose interest in actions they used to perform or something they used to like
  • They may have reduced weight from their lack of appetite
  • Problems acquiring sleep
  • Feeling fatigued or less energetic
  • These people experience guilt and feel worthless
  • Lack of proper concentration on happenings around them
  • Some of them consider committing suicide 

Additionally, for persons suffering from psychotic depression, hallucinations and delusions might be a universal experience among them. 

Psychotic depression is a treatable illness. The best procedures for this include both medicine and therapy. Antidepressants are commonly used as a relevant medical procedure along with electroconvulsive therapy for treatment

Postpartum Depression

This disorder only affects women. It comes along with severe changes of mood among new mothers about four weeks after delivery. Ordinarily, science confirms that while women are expectant, then their progesterone and estrogen chemical levels are usually high. The high levels drop when they deliver. This sudden drop, therefore, results into such mood changes which occur in postpartum depression.

The condition bears extreme seriousness compared to the “baby blues,” a typical depressive condition which causes mild anxiety symptoms among women about four weeks into their delivery date. 

Expectant mothers tend to experience more of the depression’s subjective indicators and phenomenon, and this extends even after delivery. The illness triggers extreme anxiety, sadness and even exhaustion among both expectant and young mothers. The situation may be overwhelming to the extent where these people can no longer finish their daily chores or those duties related to baby care.

Most of these mothers will also lose their appetite, develop problems in bonding with the new baby, and may even experience insomnia.

Treatment options for this disorder involve both medical and therapeutic procedures whereby the medication includes administration of antidepressants as well as anti-anxiety drugs. The prescription may, however, be different from one person to the next given that people will always experience varied subjective ill-health indicators to the sickness.

Otherwise, therapeutic means would involve counseling, which works efficiently.  

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

It’s typically a ladies’ illness which causes highly noticeable mood oscillations/shifts which only end with the commencement of the menstrual cycle. 

The ailment may lead to damaging relationships and interference at work. 

Affected persons may feel hopelessness, sadness, anger or irritation, bloating, as well as breast tenderness. 

The doctor will usually prescribe drugs that act as an appropriate remedy for the condition.

Ill-Health Indicators of Depression

Common ill-health signs related to depression include:

  • For the better section of their daily life, these people always feel depressed
  • The suddenly loose aspiration towards something they used to love
  • Their bodies still feel tired
  • They have sleep-related issues – hard for them to fall asleep
  • Naturally, the affected person loses weight out of poor appetite 
  • Most of them would feel less energetic, causing them to fail to complete some tasks
  • Their concentration diminishes 
  • A feeling of hopelessness and guilt affects them
  • Sometimes they want to commit suicide

Note that specific types will have their unique subjective indicators and phenomenon.

Source of Depression

Depression belongs to a collection of psychological illness that can occur to anyone, anywhere, at any given time. Research statistics have shown that, at least, a percentage of between 10 to 15 of the world’s population will suffer from depression in their lifetime.

Depression Causes

Research furthermore shows the risk rate among men and women is 5:9, respectively.

Depression has no particular causative. However, research has shown that some of the following factors may have a strong relation to its occurrence. These factors include:

  • Brain chemistry imbalance
  • Genetics and biology
  • Female sex hormones
  • Circadian rhythm disturbance
  • Poor nutrition
  • Physical health problems
  • Drugs
  • Stressful life events
  • Grief and loss

Genetics and Biology

These factors are not yet fully defined as the main causatives, however, according to historical views of the condition, genetics and biology seem to be the main contributors.

For instance, there could be a higher chance that if you come from a family with a history of the illness, then you can acquire it as well. 

Brain Chemistry Imbalance

Whenever there is a disruption in your neurotransmitters, whatever consequences occur relates to people developing a hot temper.

Neurotransmitters refer to the chemical substances found in the brain which assist the coordination of transferring information in the nervous system. 

Short streaming of the neurotransmitters translates into ill-health indicators of clinical depression.

Poor Nutrition

Medical research on depression explains that poor diet can be a significant contribution towards depression. There are those foods which contain proper nutrients for the healthy growth and development of the mind. If you, therefore, miss them, then you will be at risk of acquiring the condition. 

Omega-3 fatty acids are considered a critical element that needs to be in your diet to cancel out the possibility of one acquiring the illness. 

Physical Health Problems

Human minds have a clear link with the rest of the human body. Thus, when any problem develops in your body, it is automatically realized by your brain.

Combinations of stress, sadness, and unusualness in your body contribute adamantly to the progress of a depressive ailment in a person.


It’s been exposed that drugs and alcohol can, in some cases, lead to depressive conditions. Medical drugs might also have side effects which could result in severe depression.

Examples of these drugs include statins, anticonvulsants, stimulants, corticosteroids, benzodiazepines, and beta-blockers.

If your prescription causes depression, then seeking advice or consulting a physician would be of high priority.

Grief and Loss

The pain of losing a loved one can sometimes be unbearable, thus leading to depressive conditions. This occurrence is because your appetite would have reduced and your general mood would have gone too low. 

Note that if grief persists, depression quickly sets in and may worsen when one does not seek help.

Depression Treatment

Despite many people suffering from it all across the entire world, depression remains a temporary condition. The practical method involved in treating this is usually medical, therapeutic or both. Other ways may exist, such as natural cures, but they have no scientific verification. 

Depression Treatment

Depression is closely related to the mind, and therefore therapy works well in ensuring that the sick gain control over themselves. Relevant treatments for it comprise of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, psychotherapy, and behavioral therapy.

A medical procedure, on the other hand, involves the prescription of antidepressant drugs which helps ease the situation and leads to recovery.

Some cases require that both procedures are used concurrently. One can take medicine while attending therapeutic sessions.

Medication for Depression

Just like how it can be puzzling to make the right diagnosis of the depression type you have, finding the right medicine to clear one’s depressive illness can also be very difficult. One reason for this is because human physiology is different. Therefore, how we respond to a specific prescription may be different than how others are affected by it. 

It also depends on one’s current medical situation. However, the best medicines that treat this illness are antidepressant pills. Health specialists will always offer a proper and relevant prescription for you. 


The calmness and tranquillity of the brain is one crucial quality which makes us behave or react normally towards specific matters we confront in our daily life. Psychological disorders, such as depression, cause considerable clumsiness and burdens in human life. 

Among most therapeutic statistics, depression is recognized as one of the most numerous disorders. Nevertheless, the solution to it is very much available. Depression’s frequent occurrence can be blamed on the fact that its main causative has not yet been found, so people cannot really avoid it. Several factors such as genes, poor nutrition, gender, and life events have been associated with the illness, but none have been clearly defined as the main causative.

This ailment usually disrupts one’s undivided interest in particular activities which used to be foundations of happiness. In its place, strong moods of sadness, desperateness, guilt, and suicide crop up to replace the long-gone joyful spirit.

Early discovery of this condition saves one from experiencing a lot of despair and agony. You won’t be struggling alone. Doctors will always issue one with proper prescriptions as well as effective therapies.

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