Crack Addiction: Definition
It is basically an addictive cocaine material used by smokers to provide a high and intense feeling. In its purest form it appears as a solid or powder, and typically presents itself in a variety of colors, from white to yellow or cream.
Generally, it is heated before it’s consumed by its users and in most cases, it makes a pop sound through its heating procedure. Its consumption creates a 15 to 20 minute sensation of pleasure in one’s brain which often makes it result in an addition.
The dependence nature of it comes better pronounced when smoked rather than sniffed – most first-timers become addicted after the first time they try crack. Prices vary in diverse countries and to some it’s considered expensive while in other countries its cheap, making it affordable for teenagers.
Due to its addictiveness plus its after-use impacts, most governments prohibit its use. It originates from Coca, a special plant commonly used by Southern America for many years. A majority of people from different regions are Erythroxylon Coca farmers.
Its usage has been prevalent in many parts of the world for many decades in the past. The Native populations utilized its leaves to lessen troubles caused by high platforms of altitude and fatigue.
The substance activates many neurotransmitters in the reward center of brain, thus yielding pleasure. It’s because of this incentive that the brain will always want to receive the substance throughout the day, no matter the time or place.
Crack vs Cocaine
They are both resultant from the Coca plant but have a dissimilar sophistication level. Crack is less pure compared to cocaine, as it has sodium bicarbonate impurities. More often, crack appears in a solid form and can also be useful in making bicarbonate sodium into methylbenzoylecgonine which is a freebase cocaine.
In its nature, cocaine is a powder like stuff which is much purer compared to the crack version – a factor which earns its much higher cost. Their impact also differs in that cocaine, when inhaled or injected, has side effects that last for a shorter amount of time compared to crack, which lasts a little bit longer.
Crack was established as an alternative for cocaine since it’s more affordable, as well as available, to its utilizers compared to cocaine; which is considered to be the rich man’s choice.
Uses of Crack
The core purpose for it is to obtain a high feeling. Most addicts utilize it to clear up their stress.
Users often undergo intense after-use impacts. However, it should be noted that they always tend to hide all these from others. Therefore, it’s up to the friends and community to identify these varying signs and symptoms which include:
- Enlarged pupils that are dilated, which makes the eyes seem almost entirely black
- Extra energy and alertness
- Loss of appetite thus leading to weight loss
- Insomnia; which is a loss of the ability to easily fall asleep
- Occasional temper swings: irritable, happy, aggressive, argumentative, as well as depressed
- Nasal congestion
- Muscle twitches or tremors
- Abnormal heartbeat
- Increased body temperature
- Heart attack
- Elevated blood pressure
- Nausea and/or abdominal pain
The consumption of crack cocaine has severe impacts. Below is a deeper explanation of each.
Cocaine triggers a strong high feeling which is followed by shifts to extreme despair, desire, as well as nervousness. Users tend to experience difficulty earning sleep or properly eating, as it leads to loss of appetite.
Some users grow angry, and agitated immediately after use and may be more prone to violence. Its frequent utilization may likely influence heart and breathing complicacies which may certainly cause death.
Prolonged impacts of it may lead to permanent destruction of one’s brain, heart, or blood vessels – a situation which influences untimely deaths. It can also change an individual’s behavior permanently and ruin good morals.
Crack Cocaine Withdrawal
The process involved here entirely depends on the users current health state. The more one is into the obsessed dependence, the more difficult it becomes recovering them. However, health specialists, through therapies and medication, will guide you on cost effective ways to save yourself from such horrific health state.
Treatments and Medications for Crack Addicts
- Behavioural Interventions: Many behavioural drugs and treatments for crack addiction have been established to be most effective in settings of both residential and outpatient treatment. Indeed, behavioural interventions are regularly effective and the only available treatments for many crack overuse matters, such as drug addictions.
Regardless, the integration of treatments, such as pharmacological and behavioural, may be known to be the best and the most practical method. One of the forms of behavioural therapy that shows promising results in people with cocaine addiction is contingency management (CM), also referred to as motivational incentives.
The CM uses a voucher-based system that appreciates the patients who refrain from using their crack. The CM program is based on a drug-free urine test. If they pass, then the victims earn points which can later be traded for things that motivate healthy living.
- Pharmacological Approaches: Currently, there are no medications which are authorized by the United States’ Food and Drug Administration to cure its overuse. Though, specialists are still investigating lots of neurobiological aims.
Preceding research concentrated mainly on dopamine, although researchers have established that it can cause deviation in different types of neurotransmitters in one’s brain, like gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), serotonin, glutamate or norepinephrine.
The researchers are presently testing for treatments, as well as medications, which will affect the dopamine D3 receptor; it is a dopamine receptor which fills in the reward and emotion locations one’s’ brain. Other research is evaluating different compounds (like N-acetyl cysteine) that restores the stability between the inhibitory (GABA) and the excitatory (glutamate) neurotransmission that is interrupted by its prolonged utilization.
Crack, just like other stimulants, is a highly effective drug which bears lots of negative impacts during and after its utilization. The material is simply cocaine, except the manner of its consumption differs, from injection to oral utilization. If it is not injected, users will usually smoke it.
Just like other addictive substances, it causes lots of ill-health effects in an individual’s life, including nasal congestion, dizziness, muscle twitches/tremors, abnormal heartbeat, increased body temperature, strokes, panic, paranoia, headaches, heart attack, elevated blood pressure, nausea, abdominal pain, coma and death.
Prolonged utilization of it causes further complication in the general health state of an individual, thus resulting in much discomfort. Through such impacts, many persons have lost their lives out of co-occurring illnesses.
However, real solutions for this condition rests within rehab centers. They offer proper therapeutic training and medical solutions to curb any of the related disorders. The decision to visit them, though, begins with the victim’s acceptance.