What is Anxiety?
Medical professionals refer to anxiety as a disorder which affects the mental state of so many of us without our consent. Many times, we feel extremely fearful and worried about the outcome of some things or life events, especially when we have no certainty over their outcome. It triggers our eagerness and desire for something, a situation that results in high levels of impatience.
Anxiety does not exist simply as a single disorder but many. It is an umbrella term defining other worry-related health complications that have similar, or the exact same, signs and symptoms. These ailments include:
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Separation anxiety
- General feelings of fear
- Social anxiety
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Phobia anxiety
Note: One may either be affected by one or more of these disorders depending on their prevailing mental composure/state.
Being under an anxiety attack causes a negative impact on any human life. The problem contributes to one’s peace deteriorating at work, school and even at home. If you are too worried that you are going to fail a class or a test, then high chances are you will fail due to your nervousness.
The illness does not discriminate in terms of gender and its causative is never one particular factor but an amalgamation of many. However, the good news around it is that a remedy exists for it, both natural as well as artificial. Thus, persons notified with symptoms related to these conditions need to see a mental well-being specialist for early discovery.
Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety Ailments
Just like many other mental illnesses, anxiety displays its own unique manifestation formula identified with the subsequent symptoms. Note that each disorder under listed under the category anxiety will have its own particular signs. These are just an overview of the main common ones.
- High heartbeat rates
- Trouble focusing
- Painful judgments or memories
- Increased breathing rate
- Distress leading to a lack of sleep
- Panic attacks
- General fear
Different people, however, will have a different feeling despite suffering similar disorders. The symptoms you experience may sometimes differ completely from another’s. Hence, it is highly recommended that you learn exactly which illness you are suffering from before taking the next step to address it. A health specialist will always assist you.
Remember, these indications may also develop into severe conditions which may not be easy or simple to manage. Early diagnosis is highly encouraged.
Types of Anxiety Illnesses
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is generally known to affect both the young and the old. It is never easy to detect is exact cause of this condition, but we do know that it negatively affects the people’s thinking.
It is mainly described by symptoms of excess and extended worry over statuses, items or events of life. The occurrences may sometimes be nonspecific in their nature.
Panic disorder: The sickness manifests itself with an abrupt as well as a short-term attack that creates a sense of horror and uneasiness.
The result of it is that patients become dizzy, confused, and experience feelings of nausea and difficulty breathing. In many cases, the panic attack does not endure for long, however, its initial stages escalate rapidly peaking at the 10th minute.
Usually the origins of this sickness can be traced back to terrifying experiences someone has endured or simply continued stress. However, sometimes this may not be the case. Those who suffer from it perceive the condition as harmful and always tend to adjust their lives to evade similar forthcoming attacks.
Specific phobia: This sickness influences the patient to develop an illogical fear towards particular situations or things. It is unique in the sense that it cannot be related to a particular cause.
Persons suffering from it tend to acknowledge fear as avoidance of a particular object or situation. Phobias are not like other anxiety sicknesses, as they relay to a definite cause.
A phobic person might acknowledge a terror as extreme or simply illogical but still remain incapable of controlling their feelings relative to the cause – whereby the influencer could be people, animals or objects.
Agoraphobia: Agoraphobia is often misinterpreted by most people. They relate it to a fear of one leaving their home. However, it speaks of to a serious disorder that makes one feel unsafe going or staying in a particular place for fear of getting stuck and that there will be no help.
Such people will avoid elevators, public transport, and other public events or places.
Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia: It influences great fear among patients thus making them think negatively of being in social places. They want to avoid all potential the embarrassment or prejudice they might face from people they might meet or talk to; therefore, the ailing feels frightened and itemized.
Separation anxiety disorder: If you have a serious personal affection to a given place or person, then chances are you may find it difficult to separate from them. If you get too anxious over such separation, then you could have developed a mental illness.
Selective mutism: is an ailment affecting the social life of young persons and influences them to evade speaking in particular places despite having proper communication skills.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
GAD is a severe brain illness described by an overstated uneasiness and nervousness that excessively influences patients’ daily living with no apparent reason. Such people always try to forestall disaster, even if there exists no evidence that one will occur. They will always inordinately worry about their finances, work, personal health, family or school.
Patients in this category regularly develop an excessively abnormal fear that is usually unrealistic and hard to manage. Such people’s lives remain affected by constant worry, terror, and distress. This condition ultimately interferes with patients’ reasoning to the extent of affecting their ability to perform day to day tasks. This can include influencing their social actions, relationships and education.
Special Indicators for GAD Illness
Having the GAD condition will always affect your thinking, which often results in physical illness indicators as well. These indicators could include:
- Development of great worry and unnecessary tension.
- Tension in your muscles
- Easily surprised or startled
- Unrealistic reasoning
- Feeling “edgy”
- Low concentration
- Difficulties acquiring sleep
Treatment Solutions for Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Once GAD analysis is complete, the healing can commence. The sick will be referred to a mental health expert, which in this case can be a psychiatrist.
If no other disease or condition is diagnosed other than GAD, the only two treatment plans would be a blend of cognitive-behavioral therapy and medical prescription from a doctor.
Medications Used to Treat GAD
Effective medication towards the cure of GAD belongs to a class referred to as benzodiazepines. Their effects help to completely alleviate the feelings of apprehension affecting one’s daily involvements. They work on a short-term basis, as they can be highly addictive, sedative and may interfere with one’s memory as well as attention.
These drugs sometimes owe the name sedative-hypnotics or “minor tranquilizers” as they act effectively in eliminating every sign of apprehension. People taking these medications feel relieved of illness’ indicators, such as agitation and rigidity experienced in the muscles.
Usual forms of benzodiazepines include:
When mixed with other forms of medication, the drugs can escalate the sedation impact, which most likely can be extremely hazardous when pooled with alcoholic elements.
Long-term GAD medical medication options involve the use of antidepressants. The prescription takes a couple of weeks to begin showing effect. However, the drugs are harmless, making them the most appropriate for extended treatment.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the utmost recommended strategy for dealing with GAD. It is often seen as the better option because it assists partakers in eliminating their distorted imagination, and instead allows them to perceive worry in a more realistic manner.
The therapy involves some exercises such as deep breath taking which concurrently helps in relaxing the muscles, which are usually affected by GAD.
This is a unique mental sickness which causes patients to always perform certain actions over and over. These patients always have repeated yet unwanted opinions about ideas, feelings, behaviors, and sensations that results in them developing a compulsion.
Often, these people tend to constantly perform these actions to assist them to overcome the obsessive thoughts that develop in them. If they don’t, then sorrow and nervousness encroach.
The causes of OCD are not clear yet. However, it is related to terrorizing events that once happened in someone’s life.
Signs and Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCD patients often show the following indicators:
- Most of them would be extra particular about their lifestyle. Some would strictly adhere to rules and regulations. They would avoid violence, dirt, contamination or sexual immoralities. They would display greater levels of organization in all their undertakings.
- They involve themselves in repetitive performances and mental acts, which include washing their hands, strict counting, hoarding, and locking and unlocking of doors. Their obsession makes them repeat the action over and again.
- Such people often have a great compulsion which goes out of control and remains rigid, especially when they are documented rules or regulations.
- Mostly, these people do not enjoy their ritualistic behaviors, but experience extreme anxiety if they do not partake in them.
- They always take time, possibly hours, to think about the stresses they encounter in their everyday life.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Treatment
The treatment options for OCD consist of both medical and therapeutics. The two, however, may not result in complete healing or recovery, though they bring about significant control of major ill-health indicators that come alongside the condition. For this reason, you will discover other persons undergoing the medical procedures for their entire lives, always have a particular obsession.
The most common psychotherapy type relevant for OCD usage involves cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Exposure and response prevention (ERP), is part of CBT, which involves progressively exposing people to their most feared obsessions or objects. The eventual result of it is them being able to fully survive with their worry illness while managing their compulsions.
The ERP can be conducted to either an individual, group or family.
It is another certain treatment procedure that really works perfectly in alleviating the OCD condition. In this case, counter-depression drugs are highly recommended. The drugs are usually Food and Drug Administration approved as the best available cure for OCD.
These drugs include:
- Sertraline – for children that are 6 years and up. Also given to adults
- Clomipramine – prescribed for persons over 10 years
- Fluvoxamine – prescribed for adults as well as children of 8 years and over
- Fluoxetine (Prozac) – prescribed for persons over 7 years old
- Paroxetine– prescribed to adults only
Peculiar cases might call for a doctor’s special prescription. However, a doctor may recommend other healing options if need be.
Remember, diverse medications can cause dissimilar side effects on users. Others might be quite addictive. Or some may just cause nausea alongside other effects. Hence it is wise to seek and adhere to health specialist’s instructions.
Another curative method still under test is Deep Brain Stimulation. Avoid use until prescribed by a health specialist.
This is a mental illness characterized by recurring, unanticipated and irregular panic attacks. The attacks refer to strong sudden periods where a person experiences problematic breathing, tremors, numbness, shaking, sweating, or a persistent feeling that something awful will occur.
Indicators of Panic Disorder
A panic attack is usually common for people who are 25 years old or more. However, these attacks might begin showing up when a person is in their teens. The event ordinarily lasts for about ten to twenty minutes.
Below are typical indicators related to it:
- Palpitations or increased heartbeat
- Problematic breathing
- A choking feeling
- Constantly feeling like throwing up
- Alteration in your thinking. One often feels unreal or depersonalized
- Suicidal feelings
The manifestation of panic attack symptoms normally occurs for no particular reason. Ordinarily, these symptoms do not measure the danger level in the external environment – this is because the attack is typically unpredictable.
Cure Solutions for Panic Disorder
Its cure method mainly focuses on shrinking and, eventually, eliminating the impact of its signs and sickness indicators. A qualified health specialist will always provide professional advice and prescribe appropriate medication.
The two methods involved in its treatment include both medical and therapeutic cures.
The best treatment procedure that is medically suitable for this brain sickness comprises of counter-depressants like SSRIs. These SSRIs may contain:
Alternative medications may consist of:
- SNRIs – belonging to the antidepressant class
- MAOIs – a type of antidepressant used rarely because of few but severe side effects
- Benzodiazepines (mostly used as tranquilizers) – it includes clonazepam or diazepam
- Antiseizure drugs
Additionally, home remedies exist, of which examples include:
- Maintaining a consistent schedule
- Exercising regularly
- Sleeping well
- Avoiding the use of stimulants
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD results due to past distressing conditions. It could be horrific situations, such as physical or mental harm done to a person. Usually the condition causes you to experience the situation again and again in your mind.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms
Indicators may comprise:
- Memories or hallucinations
- Walking paths that do not remind you of the traumatizing situations
- High reaction to stimulating substances
- Feelings of depression or anxiety
Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress
The PTSD curing process involves varied kinds of psychoanalysis plus drugs which manages the manifestation of symptoms.
Social Anxiety Disorder
SAD is a common mental problem which leads to the creation of irrational nervousness of social interaction.
Symptoms to Indicate Social Anxiety Disorder
Several other symptoms may occur due to SAD; however, the usual ones include excessive worry out of embarrassment, humiliation or concern when it comes to wronging somebody.
Special Treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder
The treatment procedure for SAD requires a therapy involving antidepressants. The treatment procedure helps in enhancing confidence and the ability to communicate or interact with different persons or groups.
Prevention and Management of Anxiety Conditions
Since it is never clear what is the real causative of anxiety ailments, sometimes it’s hard to structure a preventative measure against them. Different anxiety ailments will have their own particular sickness indicators, of which may appear differently to diverse people, regardless of age and gender.
The best way to try to prevent them may be trying to discover what caused it at a personal level and seeking medical help from an expert to guide you through the various anxiety attacks.
The anxiety condition is a mental state which adversely affects a person’s operations at home, work or other places. It’s however strange that even those dear to us like our family members may be having suffering from this mental illness, yet we don’t know – simply because we perceive some of their symptoms as normal.
The truth, however, is some of them might appear to be normal when they are not. The best thing to do is to seek medical attention once you notice some of these strange illness indicators. Many people suffering from this ailment will most likely face difficulty sleeping, feel nausea and have regular fast heartbeats.
Cure solutions for it luckily exist and many of them work by eliminating the indicators. The cure processes involve both medication and therapy. Medical procedures consist of the use of counter-depressants, which helps eliminate all illness indicators thus aiding a person towards gaining control of their personal lives.
Psychoanalysis also involves close supervision by a doctor on various exercises plus actions you need to take to alleviate your nervousness.
A new treatment method, Deep Brain Stimulation is still being developed. It may sometimes be prescribed as well.